An examination of institutional responses is critical to understanding the businesses of human trafficking. There are three main types of organizations involved in the response to human trafficking.
Includes national, provincial, and community law enforcement. For example in the United States this includes local & state law enforcement such as the Atlanta Police Department and Virginia State Police, as well as Federal law enforcement such as the Federal Bureau of Investigation and Immigration and Customs Enforcement. Government organizations play an important role as the state’s on-the-ground representatives and enforcers in the fight against human trafficking. However, government organizations have been widely criticized for setting weak standards of enforcement, lack of collaboration with outside agencies and jurisdictions, and susceptibility to corrpuption.
International Governmental Organizations
Examples include the United Nations Global Initiative to Fight Human Trafficking (UNGIFT) and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe’s Office of the Special Representative and Co-ordinator for Combating Trafficking in Human Beings. In a time of rapid cross border movement of people, the role of organizations such as these in facilitating cooperation between national governments is integral in the fight against human trafficking. IGOs monitor and report human trafficking trends across national borders and encourage collaboration amongst agencies disbursed across diverse jurisdictions. However, the broader weaknesses of IGOs apply in the arena of human trafficking. IGOs have little power to enforce the policies that they impose on member states, and so the policies are only as strong as member states’ willingness and ability to enforce them.
Nongovernmental Organizations and Social Services
Such as the Polaris Project and state social service organizations. NGOs are typically are funded privately and by grants from the governments and IGOs, and state institutions are obviously taxpayer funded. There are a wide variety of these organizations and it is difficult (and often, not very helpful) to make broad generalizations about these types of organizations. Many provide victim services, and this can come in many forms. For example some maintain homes for recovering human trafficking victims, while others provide counseling services or help with financial recovery. These are obviously valuable services. But NGOs and social service institutions have been criticized on several grounds. Chief criticisms include accusations that so-called “rescue organizations” overestimate the human trafficking problem to ensure their own viability, and that they unnecessarily portray non-trafficked sex workers as victims to be pitied. Both of these are valid criticisms.
- Real Men Get Their Facts Straight (http://www.villagevoice.com)
- Commercial Sexual Exploitation: A Cycle (globalaffairsblog.wordpress.com)
- Trafficking in Mozambique: ‘Every minute was the worst’ (thecnnfreedomproject.blogs.cnn.com)
- Dottie Laster Featured Guest on Hope4 Today with Lynn Kindler (imaginepublicity.com)
- Activists Join Representative Karen Awana and John Mizuno to Combat Human Trafficking (damontucker.com)
- Human Trafficking Definitions, Again (globalaffairsblog.wordpress.com)